The Competency Based Curriculum, CBC, in Kenya was designed by KICD and launched by the Ministry of Education in 2017. CBC replaces the 8.4.4 education system which has been in existence in Kenyan schools since 1985.
Under the new curriculum (220.127.116.11.3), learners will spend 2 years in pre-primary, 6 years in primary, 3 years in junior secondary, and 3 years in senior secondary.
Thereafter, the learners can then decide to join the world of work or further their careers by joining TVET colleges or Universities.
The CBC curriculum moves away from focussing on academics and exams to the new system which seeks to produce a child with relevant competencies and character to thrive in a rapidly changing world.
The Core Competencies of the CBC Curriculum
The Competency Based Curriculum focuses on 7 core competencies that cut across all learning areas (subjects) for all learners in the system.
Here are the 7 competencies of CBC:
Communication and Collaboration
Critical Thinking and Problem Solving
Creativity and Imagination
Learning to Learn
Some Key Features of CBC
Subjects are now called learning areas and objectives referred to as learning outcomes.
Classes under the new system are named grades, which start from Grade 1 (former class 1) to Grade 12 (highest class in high school).
Topics and sub-topics are now known as strands and sub-strands.
Learners do formative assessments using various feedback tools to measure whether they can put into practice what they have learned. Teachers then upload the assessment scores for grades 3 to 6 to KNEC portal.
For grades 4, 5, and 6 the internal assessments will contribute 20 percent per grade.
There will be a national examination at the end of grade 6 which contributes the remaining 40 percent of the marks.
Learners are then placed in various junior secondary schools.
The chosen career pathway will enable the learner to master skills for a specific job.
At the end of senior secondary, learners can either enter the world of work or further their careers by joining a TVET tertiary college or university.
Under the new CBC curriculum, University education will take at least 3 years depending with the area of specialization.
Learners may also decide to join TVET colleges to further their hands-on experience skills. The duration of the TVET course will depend on the area of specialization.
KICD Curriculum Designs
KICD has availed curriculum designs for Early years Education (EYE) that is PP1 up to Grade 3, and Middle School Grades 4, 5 and 6. The curriculum design for Junior Secondary Grade 7 is also available on the KICD website.